Periodontal disease can cause the alveolar bones — the bone structures surrounding the teeth — to become irregular in shape. Periodontal surgery, also known as osseous surgery, seeks to smooth out bone defects and correct irregularities. This process also helps eliminate the gum pockets that are the trademark of periodontal disease.
Osseous surgery may involve any of a few different treatments. Periodontist Charles Adelson may remove tartar from the gum pockets, helping to control infection. He may also perform bone grafting when periodontal disease has created significant craters in the bone. In any case, osseous surgery is a relatively simple procedure that is performed under local anesthesia in less than an hour. When performed properly, it helps arrest periodontal disease by eliminating existing bacteria in the gum pockets and reducing gum pocket depth.